If you replace the Realtek card with the Intel one you posted, the wifi will work but the Bluetooth won't because all of the supported Intel wifi cards that would work in your PC require two antenna wires to be connected to the card, and yours only has one.
So, if you don't care if you have no Bluetooth, the Intel card should work just fine.
You would attach the antenna wire to the notebook's 'Main' antenna terminal.
Only the Realtek RTL8821CE 802.11ac 1 × 1 Wi-Fi + Bluetooth 4.2 Combo Adapter (MU-MIMO supported) L17365-005, will work correctly with one antenna cable, but I think you will be in the same position that you are in now...no Linux support--at least I don't believe so.
The Intel 9461 won't work at all, and the RTL8723DE is a single band card, which probably doesn't have Linux support either.
If you go on a Linux forum, and find out if the 8821CE has Linux support, that would be the card you should go with.
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